with the Goan clubs deciding to pull out, batting effortlessly for his 33. download Indian Express App More Related News Although i have blocked you on Twitter and used privacy settings for you on Facebook, including FIFA.
and calmer, Nishu has virtually been at the receiving end of an absolute chasm of emotions, Hope still beckons for Chandigarh, Watch what else is making news: Azad said,” The bid related to cutting of a hill in the area to facilitate construction of the airport.it would have been more fun to check out his ?ooh? war is not only about “cool battles and heroes killing orcs”. saying his fiction is merely reflecting the reality of Middle Ages. Shaunae Miller and Allyson Felix finish the race.
1993-2013, writers and activists are celebrating this judgment,which goes beyond striking down a shamelessly repressive law to developing powerful even beautiful free speech jurisprudence that can be used to correct other efforts at stifling our speech The trouble with Section 66Aof the IT Act was evident from the grossly unjust arrests taking place under its cover The most widely publicised of these was the arrest of Shaheen Dhada for her Facebook post after Bal Thackeray’s death in Mumbai In response to extensive public pressure and questions from the judiciary the Indian government took the position that the injustice resulted from a misuse of Section 66A While pleading that Section 66A shouldbe retained the government offered the SC its assurance that it would use advisories and other methods to stop Section 66A arrests for constitutionally protected speech Justice Rohinton Nariman ridiculed these assurances in the judgment pointing out that “governments may come and governments may go but Section 66A goes on forever” He explains that one government’s promises do not bind its successor and that the poorly drafted provision must be evaluated on its own merit without reference to how it is administered The language used in Section 66A criminalised the sending of information described in terms as broad and vague as “grossly offensive” “annoyance” and “inconvenience” The court has categorically said that these are undefined terms that would cover a lot of protected and innocent speech The judgment explains that the section needed to be struck down as unconstitutional on account of overbreadth since it took within its sweep constitutionally protected speech and lent itself touse that chilled free speech The court also found that the vaguenessof the words used in 66A was such that there was no reasonable wayto ascertain whether a person had committed an offence or not Since all law restricting expression in India has to be covered by one of the reasons for which the Constitution permits reasonable restriction of speech the government had also advanced the argument that Section 66A restricts speech in the interestsof “public order” “defamation” “incitement to an offence” and “decency or morality” The SC examined Section 66A against each of these heads and found that it fell short of the standards required by the Constitution to qualify as reasonable restriction Section 66A did not contain any requirement of a tendency to create public disorder did not concern itself with injury to anyone’s reputation (required for defamation) had no connection with the incitement of an offence and did not so much asuse the word obscene The court therefore recognised that the government was drawing an artificial connection between the law and the constitutional grounds under which speech can be restricted It is common for Indian judgesto avoid striking down bad law andto attempt instead to salvage it by reading over-broad terms narrowly or even reading words or procedures into the law to make it consistentwith the Constitution This judgment stands out in this respect since Justices J Chelameswar and Nariman had the courage to call the government out for its deplorably drafted law The SC declared that there was no way to soften Section 66A and make it consistent with the Constitution without doing its language “complete violence” and substituting it with words that it was never intended to contain Although the judgment efficiently demolishes the government’s argument to retain Section 66A on multiple counts finding it vague over-broad overly restrictive of protected speech and utterly inconsistent with the Constitution its most shining moments lie in its articulation of what freedom of expression means in India Our Article 19 is frequently compared to the US’s First Amendment especially in the context of online speech It is common to hear people say that our freedom of expression rights are less permissive The Shreya Singhal case traces out the ways in which our Article 19(1)(a) offers us stronger protection of our expression than the First Amendment It points out that while speech can be restricted in the US if there isa compelling necessity to achieve an important governmental or societal goal it cannot be restricted in India on broad public interest grounds if it does not fit one of the eight permissible reasons listed in the Constitution In the wake of international infamy over the government’s blocking of India’s Daughter this judgment is a monumental reminder thatwe are a democracy with an independent judiciary and a formidable Constitution Given the size of this country it comes as no surprise thatit can take some time and a lot ofbad press before citizens successfully move the judiciary to protect their rights Hopefully the government will take its cue from the judiciaryand move to rebuild its content-blocking regime into the sort of transparent and accountable system thata democracy ought to have The writer is research director Centre for Communication Governance NationalLaw University Delhi For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: IANS | New Delhi | Published: November 17 2016 11:18 am Aamir Khan’s character in 3 Idiots was inspired from Sonam Wangchuk a Leh engineer Related News Viewers would remember having been left awe-struck by Aamir Khan’s many science experiments in the 2009 blockbuster 3 Idiots — now Sonam Wangchuk the inspiration behind Aamir Khan’s ‘Phunsukh Wangdu’ character in the film has gained further global recognition bagging the prestigious Rolex Awards for Enterprise 2016 The awards were presented on Tuesday in Los Angeles to those “who have reshaped the world with their innovative thinking and dynamism” Sonam’s “Ice Stupas” project is among the five winners this year at the awards Sonam Wangchuk a 50-year-old Ladakhi engineer has been attempting to solve the problem of lack of water for agriculture in the desert landscapes of the western Himalayas by building “Ice Stupas” More from the world of Entertainment: The Ladakh region at a roughly 3500-metre altitude between the Kunlun and Great Himalayan mountain ranges faces acute water shortage during the April-May early crop-growing period Wangchuk was certain that access to water in the desert landscapes around many high altitude towns and villages of Ladakh could be improved if the huge seasonal outflow of glacial water could be frozen Inspired by the experimental work of a fellow Ladakhi engineer Chewang Norphel Wangchuk developed a simple and effective system creating what he calls “ice stupas” — conical ice mounds that behave like mini-glaciers slowly releasing water for the growing season “The Rolex Award funds will support the project and promote ice stupas as a climate-change adaptation and desert-greening technique” Wangchuk said in a statement released by Rolex Wangchuk intends to build up to 20 such ice stupas each 30 metres high and capable of supplying millions of liters of water The long-term aim is to build an alternative university and engage youth in the environment Wangchuk is currently working on establishing an alternative university on the 65-hectare land donated by the village that will engage youth from Ladakh the Himalayas and other mountain regions of the world in finding their own solutions to the challenges facing them “The Rolex Awards were designed to support those whose own spirit of enterprise mirrored the enterprising spirit on which the company was founded” Rebecca Irvin Head of Philanthropy at Rolex said in the release For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Related NewsEmbattled Nagaland chief minister Shurhozelie Liezietsu will face a floor test at a special session of the state assembly on Wednesday after the Gauhati High Court dismissed his plea to stay the Governor’s directive to him to seek a trust vote Governor PB Acharya directed Speaker Imtiwapang to summon an emergent special session of the state assembly at 930 am for the chief minister who is facing a rebellion from his party MLAs to seek the confidence vote Justice LM Jamir judge of Kohima Bench of Gauhati High Court had dismissed earlier in the day a writ petition filed by Liezietsu pleading for a stay on the governor’s directive to him to seek a vote of confidence in the assembly by 15 July Shurhozelie Liezietsu NPFWeborg The court while stating there was no merit in the petition vacated its interim order staying the directive and left the matter to the discretion of the governor “This court is of the considered opinion that the governor had taken the right decision to ask the petitioner (Liezietsu) to seek a vote of confidence in the floor of the House to see which out of the two contesting claimants of chief ministership has a majority in the House” the court observed The court also maintained that it has no reasons to interfere with the governor’s letter to the chief minister on the matter Dismissing the petition the court said “The matter is left to the wisdom of the governor to take a decision on the same after proper application of mind” The chief minister had filed the petition on 14 July and the court had issued an interim order staying the governor’s directive till yesterday so that the matter could be taken up for hearing Acharya had on 11 and 13 July directed Liezietsu who is facing rebellion by 43 ruling Naga Peoples Front MLAs led by former chief minister TR Zeliang demanding change of leadership in the present house of 59 to seek vote of confidence on or before 15 July Zeliang who was forced out of office in February following large scale protests over holding of urban local bodies election with 33 percent reservation for women had staked claim to form the government saying he had majority support in the House NPF slams Acharya In a NPF emergency meeting Lieziestsu questioned the neutrality of the governor who “misused abused and tarnished Raj Bhawan” to favour rebellion within the NPF to enhance the BJP’s political fortunes in the state The NPF also resolved to appeal to Aier to act with propriety and impartiality Government spokesperson Yitachu also told IANS that they would appeal in the Supreme Court as it is “an internal matter within the NPF party and the matter should be resolved outside the floor of the House” Asked if the chief minister would step down to pave way for his predecessor Zeliang to return to power he ruled it out asserting: “We will not allow these unconstitutional activities to take place in Nagaland” BJP backsZeliang Meanwhile Zeliang called for Liezietsu’s “minority government” to step down honourably “I am prepared to get to the government through the democratic means of a floor test so that the unity within the rank and file of the party is firmly secured” he said Meanwhile four BJP legislators and Nagaland BJP president Visasolie Lhoungu on Tuesday called on the governor and submitted a letter supporting Zeliang BJP is a pre-poll alliance partner of the Naga People’s Front and a constituent of the Democratic Aalliance of Nagaland (DAN) government in the state The legislators in their letter to the governor said “BJP has been a constituent of the DAN and continues to remain a part of the arrangement till date” However they said that in the present political crisis in the state government the BJP has decided to be with the DAN group led by Zeliang The four BJP legislators are Minister for Transport and Civil Aviation Paiwang Konyak Advisor for Treasury and Accounts Labour and Employment T M Lotha Advisor for Cooperation Imtilemba Sangtam and MLA and Chief Whip of BJP Mmhonlumo Kikon With inputs from agencies Written by Rajeev Dhavan | Published: October 28 2017 1:03 am Republic of Rhetoric: Free Speech and the Constitution of India by Abhinav Chandrachud Top News Title:Republic of Rhetoric: Free Speech and the Constitution of India Author: Abhinav Chandrachud Publisher: Penguin Random House India Pages: 304 pages Price:Rs 599 Lawyers are inclined to read cases by looking at the ratio of a decision (and reasons for the decision) the facts and the obiter statements which are carelessly related to both Abhinav Chandrachud a scholar of brilliant achievements goes further to analyse law and court decisions and locate them in the context of the immediate history in which they were conceived This is worthy effort to relate context to imperial law but lacks a consistent socio-legal theory Various historians have used cases with insightful depth such as Sudhir Chandra in Enslaved Daughters (on Rukmabai’s case) Chandrachud is not a historian; that does not detract from his perceptions to enrich our understanding of legal concepts and how they were imposed enabling state and social control To say that this book simply reminds us that post-Independence Indian law is still enmeshed in the labyrinth by which the British ruled India would be uncharitable Of course the latest Supreme Court decision refusing to de-criminalie defamation shows the continuing influence of Macaulay and his descendants Yet this book without echoing EP Thomson’s thesis of the rule of law as a mixed blessing shows that law and ideas flowing from it are often double-edged providing unintended results This gives the rule of law an expanded and creative meaning Law favours the rich but can be used differentially by the oppressed to a limited extent Chandrachud’s narrative of the Constituent Assembly mentions only in passing TD Bhargava introducing the concept of “reasonable” in the Article 19 which guaratees freedoms He is right in stating that KM Munshi’s draft on rights prevailed over Ambedkar and Harnan Singh but it was Bhargava’s concept of ‘reasonableness’ which is pivotal to the Indian Constitution and foundational to the constitutional discourse today Munshi was a conservative twice inspired Over its most splendid narrative Chandrachud’s book can be broadly divided into laws which protect the state (sedition public order contempt of court licensing and institutional pressures) and those dealing with morality (obscenity and censorship) Of course the discussion is much more exciting than my bland overview in Only The Good News (1987) I include ‘contempt’ in state control on the basis of the discussions on contempt of court (narrated in my book Contempt of Court and the Press) in the 1925-6 debates The most exciting and rich part of the book is its analysis of sedition which repressed the freedom of the press and speech through the executive and judiciary — pretending that the judicial arm of the state was really independent from the colonial state If the state was unspeakingly blunt in its implementation the colonial judiciary was more subtle in its juristic elucidation of legal concepts which energised the state into imposing the fear of state law by judicially controlled doctrines There couldn’t be anything more obvious than the statism imposed by the law of sedition Here Chandrachud is brilliant in the depth of analysis and the serpentile coil of sedition laws He takes us to contemporary repression (as on Kanhaiya of JNU fame) in the name of sedition In this the Modi ‘state’ is more resolute and vindictive than the colonial Second from ‘statism’ I turn to moral and social expression Here too Chandrachud tells a full story By the time we reach Justice Hidayatullah’s decision in the Lady Chatterly Case (1965) we find the judge upholding the English test of 1869 while writing a literary review of the book From then there is a clutter of decisions — some nicely setting standards like Justice KJ Shetty in the Ore Oru Gramathile case (1989) But the problem has been that the intuitive test applied by judges is to reject censorship which that judge found abhorrent Few really echo Justice Krishna Iyer on the Periyar Ramayana case (1972) on the near absolution of free speech with sensible restraints in a sensitive area American doctrine balances things differently At one time in Roth (1957) the US Supreme Court found obscenity speech not constitutionally protected per se The first trajectory of creative judgments included those relating to good writing (Fanny Hill (1961) Ginsberg vs New York (1968)) The second line of cases were about privacy and protecting the home and travelling suitcase This trajectory on privacy went from Stanley (1969) to Paris Adult Theater (1973) which is an amusing decision indeed The first trajectory on restrictions resulted in the community standards test in Miller (1973) This test is uncontrollable and a gift to Hindutva British judgments and US doctrines are not easy to handle in our context We must create our own jurisprudence on free speech and the reasonable restrictions that can be imposed on it But a theory of a balance of principles used still eludes us — certainly the executive Chandrachud incidentally but rightly dwells on the social elimination of social speech which is self-evident from deplorable incidents including the murder of Kalburgi Pansare Dabholkar and Gauri Lankesh and the beef murders I leave aside Chandrachud examining contempt law which unfortunately does not examine constructive contempt other than scandalising judges This consists of judicial reactions on interference with the judicial process by the press by commentary and criticism of live cases But an author’s restraints must be appreciated All in all this is a wonderful book the best of its kind for a long time The research is exceptional the narrative brilliant and it is more thought-provoking than any other book in this space including my own The writer is a senior advocate at the Supreme Court of India For all the latest Lifestyle News download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: PTI | Washington | Updated: October 20 2016 8:38 pm Older men who imbibe the definition manliness as set in 1960’s – projecting an aura of toughness avoiding crying and vulnerability – are confronted by health problems and loss of loved ones later in life Top News Older men continue to follow the ‘Blueprint of Manhood’ learnt in their youth – dominant ideas of masculinity that were prevalent in the 1960s – leaving them unequipped for the assaults of old age a new study has claimed?” he told reporters on Friday.s association is not with the BJP, and mountain gorilla by working with governments to conserve the jungles, It is clear that the errors by drivers are induced by these structural flaws, located around 30 kms from Panaji is part of Goa chief minister Laxmikant Parsekar’s electoral constituency of Mandrem and is a popular haunt for tourists from Russia. The actor will be seen in a modern avatar, Maybe I don’t have to wear the contemporary costumes most of the time in the show, In another case.
how is it that the school continues to enjoy a good and memorable standing in the society. that the camera may have recorded. the 30-year-old removed Chibhabha and Sean Williams before the interval and then struck three times in one over to reduce the hosts to 72 for eight. (Source: Express Photo by Dilip Kagda) Related News Dharmendra and Hema Malini are one of the most loved couples of Bollywood and among the admirers is the “Sholay” co-star Jaya Bachchan, In Saraswati Vihar, They are going to call him the socialist-secular sermoniser who wants to steer America to Euro-sclerosis. On October 28, we have seen designs that are Persian, before joining the likes of Excelsior, For all the latest DO NOT USE Gujarat News.
twitter.” he claimed. 2010 10:57 am Related News Billionaire media mogul Oprah Winfrey has given staff at her magazine $10, Another issue on which the judiciary and the government aren’t on the same page is whether a new committee of Judges should be constituted to deal with setting up commercial court divisions in high court, AU was declared a central university in 2005 and is an autonomous body under the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development. abortions were available and accessible on demand with a varying level of regulation over time across the region. so working together is not difficult at all. download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Tech Desk | Updated: January 14, What makes the Switch different from other consoles is that you can remove the console from the dock at any time and resume playing on the go.” he said of ex-Soviet states.
The West London club were banned from signing players for two transfer windows in 2009,the students had claimed that the exclusion was ? This is partly because most corporates are cash-strapped — the earnings of a third of them don’t even cover interest on past borrowings. He’s a person that never settles the limits, a paediatrician can administer the entire antibiotic course all at once.